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Right ventricular dysfunction by computed tomography associates with outcomes in severe aortic stenosis patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Published:November 13, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2021.11.005

      Abstract

      Background

      Although cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) assessment of right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is feasible, the incremental prognostic value remains uncertain in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) evaluation. This study sought to determine the incremental clinical utility of RVD identification by CCTA while accounting for clinical and echocardiographic parameters.

      Methods

      Patients who underwent multiphasic ECG-gated functional CCTA using dual-source system for routine TAVR planning were evaluated. Biphasic contrast protocol injection allowed for biventricular contrast enhancement. CCTA-based RVD was defined as right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) ​< ​50%. The association of CCTA-RVD with all-cause mortality and the composite outcome of death or heart failure hospitalization after TAVR was evaluated and examined for its incremental utility beyond clinical risk assessment and echocardiographic parameters.

      Results

      A total of 502 patients were included (median [IQR] age, 82 [77 to 87] years; 56% men) with a median follow-up of 22 [16 to 32] months. Importantly, 126 (25%) patients were identified as having RVD by CCTA that was not identified by echocardiography. CCTA-defined RVD predicted death and the composite outcome in both univariate analyses (HR for mortality, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.44–3.22; p ​< ​0.001; HR for composite outcome, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.48–3.01; p ​< ​0.001) and in multivariate models that included clinical risk factors and echocardiographic findings (HR for mortality, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.11–2.74; p ​= ​0.02; HR for composite outcome, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.09–2.44; p ​= ​0.02).

      Conclusions

      Functional CCTA assessment pre-TAVR correctly identified 25% of patients with RVD that was not evident on 2D echocardiography. The presence of RVD on CCTA independently associates with clinical outcomes post-TAVR.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      AS (aortic stenosis), CCTA (cardiac computed tomography angiography), FAC (fractional area change), RVEF (right ventricular ejection fraction), RVD (right ventricular dysfunction), TAPSE (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion), TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement), TTE (transthoracic echocardiography)
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