Multi-slice computed tomography (CT) allows noninvasive evaluation of the severity of coronary calcification. However, there has yet to be a definitive parameter based on the cross-sectional CT image for predicting the need for rotational atherectomy (RA). Therefore, we aimed to investigate the mean density of cross-sectional CT images to predict the need for RA during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
A total of 154 lesions with moderate to severe calcification detected in coronary angiography were identified in 126 patients who underwent coronary CT prior to PCI for stable angina. PCI with RA was performed for 48 lesions, and the remaining 106 were treated without RA. Multi-slice CT was retrospectively evaluated for its ability to predict the use of RA. We chose the most severely calcified cross-sectional image for each lesion. The mean density within the outer vessel contour, calcium arc quadrant of the cross-sectional CT image, calcium length, calcification remodeling index, and per-lesion coronary artery calcium score was studied.
Receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis revealed 637 Hounsfield units (HU) (area under the curve = 0.98, 95% confidence interval: 0.97–1.00, p < 0.001) as the best mean density cutoff value for predicting RA. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a mean calcium level >637 HU was a strong independent predictor (odds ratio: 32.8, 95% confidence interval: 7.0–153, p < 0.001) for using RA.
The mean density of the cross-sectional CT image, a simple quantitative parameter, was the strongest predictor of the need for RA during PCI.
Abbreviations:CAC (coronary artery calcium), CT (computed tomography), HU (Hounsfield unit), IVUS (intravascular ultrasound), MLA (minimum lumen area), MSA (minimum stent area), OCT (optical coherence tomography), PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention), QCA (quantitative coronary angiography), RA (rotational atherectomy), ROC (receiver operator characteristic), WL/WW (window level/window width)
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Published online: February 10, 2023
Accepted: February 1, 2023
Received in revised form: January 29, 2023
Received: September 8, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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