- TOC summary: This study evaluated the presence of right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) by functional cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in 502 patients undergoing routine evaluation for transcatheter aortic valve replacement. CCTA-RVD was defined as right ventricular ejection fraction <50%, and was tested for its prognostic value beyond conventional risk factors and echocardiography. In our study, 25% of patients have RVD on CT that was not present on 2D echocardiography. CT-RVD provides independent prognostic value that is incremental to conventional clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, and therefore should be considered in routine risk stratification of patients with severe AS.
- Computed tomography angiography derived global longitudinal strain (CTA-GLS) has been shown to be feasible, however its prognostic value remains unclear in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We evaluated the association of baseline CTA-GLS with outcomes including all-cause mortality and composite endpoint of death and heart failure hospitalization in 223 patients treated with TAVR. Patients with normal LVEF but reduced CTA-GLS had similar event rate to those with impaired LVEF, and higher than those with normal LVEF and preserved CTA-GLS. Baseline CTA-GLS assessment might be helpful in patients with difficult echocardiographic images undergoing TAVR evaluation.