- Pretest probability (PTP) calculators utilize epidemiological-level findings to provide patient-level risk assessment of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, their limited accuracies question whether dissimilarities in risk factors necessarily result in differences in CAD. Using patient similarity network (PSN) analyses, we wished to assess the accuracy of risk factors and imaging markers to identify ≥50% luminal narrowing on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in stable chest-pain patients.
- Pericoronary adipose tissue (PCAT) attenuation is an indicator of active inflammation of perivascular adipose tissue, which is supposed to increase in diabetic patients. We aimed to investigate the PCAT attenuation values and high-risk plaque (HRP) features in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects with different stenotic extents.
- TOC SUMMARY: It is unclear how air pollution contributes to the development of cardiovascular disease. We investigated the change of coronary atherosclerosis using serial CCTAs in relation to the cumulative amount of PM2.5 exposure between the two CCTAs in 3,127 healthy adults. Coronary calcification progressed in 1,361 (43.5%) subjects with a positive relationship between the cumulative amount of PM2.5 exposure and CACS. The cumulative amount of PM2.5 exposure, rather than the average concentration of PM2.5, was independently associated with progression of coronary calcification and diffuse development of de novo calcified plaques, with its impact higher than any other traditional cardiovascular risk factors.
- The conventional Agatston coronary artery calcium score (CACS) method may fail to detect very small or less dense calcified plaques; smaller than 3 continuous pixels (1 mm2) or with a density lower than 130 Hounsfield Units (HU). A significant proportion of patients classified as CACS = 0, could potentially be reclassified as >0 by altering these thresholds. The increased sensitivity with lower HU threshold comes at a cost of reduced specificity by introducing false positive (noise) cases. Modifying the threshold to <1 mm 2 and HU > 120, allows 12.1% of patients with CACS = 0 to be reclassified as CACS> 0 while introducing only 0.9% of noise.
- Further diagnostic testing may be required after a coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) showing suspected coronary stenosis. Whether myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) provides further prognostic information post-CTA remains debated. We evaluated the prognosis for patients completing CTA stratified for post-CTA diagnostic work-up using real-world data.
- Whether coronary plaque characteristics assessed in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in association with the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) have predictive value for coronary events is unclear. We aimed to examine the predictive value of the CACS and plaque characteristics for the occurrence of coronary events.
- The purpose of this study is to determine if a new score calculated with coronary artery calcium (CAC) density and volume is associated with total coronary artery plaque burden and composition on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) compared to the Agatston score (AS).
- The influence of computed tomography (CT) reconstruction algorithms on the performance of machine-learning-based CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFRML) has not been investigated. CT-FFRML values and processing time of two reconstruction algorithms were compared using an on-site workstation.